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河北省衡水中学2019届高三下学期二调考试英语试题(原卷版)

2020-04-16 07:18[高考英语] 来源:www.engbus.cn 浏览: 次 评论:0条

  河北省衡水中学2019届高三下学期二调考试英语试题(原卷版)

  命题人:吕田田

  本试卷分第I 卷(选择题)和第II 卷(非选择题)两部分,共150分,考试时间120分钟。

  注意事项:

  1.答第I卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、考号、考试科目用铅笔涂写在答题卡上。

  2.选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在本试卷上,否则无效。

  第I 卷(选择题,共100分)

  第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

  第一节 (共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

  听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

  1. In what way does the woman’s sister go to university every day?

  A. On foot B. By underground C. By bus

  2. What does the man mean?

  A. He used to like boating very much

  B. He won’t go boating with the woman

  C. He thinks it is too cold outside today

  3. What will the woman probably do this afternoon?

  A. Ask the man for help B. Go for a job interview

  C. Give the man some advice

  4. Why does the man want to know how to take care of babies?

  A. He is going to be a brother

  B. He wants to be a baby sitter

  C. His wife is going to have a baby

  5. How does the man expect the woman’s experience?

  A. Unusual B. Dull C. Exhausting

  第二节 (共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

  听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

  听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

  6. What should the woman do when arriving on 112th Street?

  A. Turn left and keep walking until she passes three lights

  B. Turn right and keep walking until she passes two lights

  C. Turn right and keep walking for about a mile

  7. Where is the supermarket?

  A. At the end of 112th Street

  B. At the beginning of 56th Street

  C. Around the corner on 56th Street

  听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

  8. What size car does the man want?

  A. A small car B. A midsize car C. A large car

  9. How much will the man have to pay?

  A. $160 B. $200 C. $240

  听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

  10. What is the man most probably?

  A. A teacher B. A salesman C. A scientist

  11. What does the woman want the robot to do?

  A. Talk with her B. Do her homework C. Do the housework

  12. What do we know about the robot from the conversation?

  A. It is not for sale at the moment

  B. It can do a lot of dangerous work

  C. It doesn’t operate on batteries

  听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

  13. How does the woman look now?

  A. Tried B. Upset C. Excited

  14. What does the woman think of Linda?

  A. Popular and lovely

  B. Intelligent and pretty

  C. Hard-working and smart

  15. What’s the weather probably like now?

  A. Cloudy B. Sunny C. Rainy

  16. What will the man probably do next?

  A. Go to the library

  B. Go to the dormitory

  C. Go to the teaching building

  听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

  17. How many years has Mount Fuji slept for?

  A. 250 B. 300 C. 350

  18. What will travelers do in Brazil?

  A. See mountain views at sunrise

  B. Visit at some temples

  C. Look at some temples

  19. When will travelers go to see Niagara Falls?

  A. In Week One

  B. In Week Two

  C. In Week Three

  20. Which country will travelers visit in Week Four?

  A. The Untied States

  B. Thailand

  C. Canada

  第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

  第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  A

  Instagram is containing so many photos of food---now a pop-up diner in London is taking advantage of this new trend by letting people settle the bill for their meals simply by uploading photos of their dishes to social networks.

  I always thought people's taking pictures of their food was kind of silly, but at this new pop-up restaurant in the UK, I'd probably do it too. “The Picture House” is the world's first pay-by-photo restaurant—you order, click a photo of the food, share on Instagram and eat for free!

  The restaurant belongs to frozen food giant (巨人)Birds Eye, who came up with the idea to cash in on people’s addiction with photographing food and sharing the pictures online. They conducted a survey and found out that more than half of the British population regularly took pictures of their meals. So they realized it was a better way to advertise their new dining range.

  The pop-up diner was open in Soho, London for three days in May, and is now moving to other major UK cities. They serve two-course meals that customers don't have to pay for, if they photo and Instagram it.

  The restaurant is a part of Birds Eye’s “Food for Life,” campaign, a new marketing project that aims at changing the way people look at frozen food. “Taking photos of food enables people to show off and to share their mealtime moments—from the everyday to the special,” said marketing director Margaret Jobling.

  The reaction to The Picture House has been great so far. And the pay-by-picture concept has proven to be an effective way. Alternative payment methods are actually gaining popularity among a lot of businesses. Last year, in a cafe in Germany customers pay by how much time they spend there, not by what they eat.

  1. Instagram probably is_______________.

  A. a restaurant free of charge B. a campaign of “Food for Life”

  C. a new marketing project D. a program used to share photos

  2. “The Picture House” encourages sharing photos of its food to_____________.

  A. raise the price of frozen food B. attract more customers

  C. create a new social media trend D. reward the regular customers

  3. Which of the following can serve as the best title for the passage?

  A. No Need to Pay. B. The Pop-up Diner.

  C. Pay by Picture. D. Food for Life.

  B

  Every day born a decade from now will have its genetic code(基因编码)mapped at birth, the head of the world’s leading genome sequencing(基因图谱)company has predicted.

  A complete DNA read – out for every newborn will be technically possible and affordable in less than five years, promising a revolution in healthcare, says Jay Flatley, the chief executive of Illumina. Only social and legal problems are likely to delay the age of “genome sequences,” or genetic profiles. By 2019 it will have become routine to map infants’ genes when they are born, Dr Flatly told The Times.

  This will open a new approach to medicine, by which conditions such as high blood pressure and heart disease can be predicted and prevented and drugs used more safely and effectively.

  A baby’s genome can be discovered at birth by a blood test. By examining a person’s genome, it is possible to identify raised risks of developing diseases such as cancers. Those at high risk can then be screened more regularly, or given drugs or dietary advice to lower their chances of becoming ill.

  Personal genomes could also be used to ensure that patients get the medicine that is most likely to work for them and least likely to have side – effects.

  The development, however, will raise legal concerns about privacy and access to individuals’ genetic records.

  “Bad things can be done with the genome. It could predict something about someone – and you could possibly hand the information to their employer or their insurance company.” said Dr Flatley.

  “People have to recognize that this horse is out of the barn, and that your genome probably can’t be protected, because everywhere you go you leave your genome behind. Complete genetic privacy, however, is unlikely to be possible”, he added.

  As the benefits become clearer, however, he believes that most people will want their genomes read and interpreted. The risk is nothing compared with the gain.

  4. In the first two paragraphs, the author mainly wants to tell us about__________.

  A. the significant progress in medicine

  B. the promise of a leading company

  C. the information of babies’ genes

  D. the research of medical scientists

  5. Which of the following is a problem caused by this approach?

  A. The delaying in discovering DNA.

  B. The risk of developing diseases at birth.

  C. The side effects of medicine on patients.

  D. The letting out of personal genetic information.

  6. What does the underlined sentence “… this horse is out of the barn” mean?

  A. Genetic mapping technique has been widely used.

  B. people can’t stop genetic mapping technique advancing.

  C. People are eager to improve genetic mapping technique.

  D. Genetic mapping technique is too horrible to control.

  7. What’s Dr Flatley’s attitude towards the technology?

  A. Tolerant. B. Conservative. C. Positive. D. Doubtful.

  C

  Although Paris is often considered the city of romance, close to a million adults who call it home are single. Many single people say that France’s capital is one of the most difficult places to meet people. The complaints(抱怨) of this lonely group have inspired a new phenomenon known as “supermarket dating.” At Galerie Lafayette Gourmet, singles can shop for more than just the items on their grocery list. They can look for someone who has blue eyes, brown hair, and is 1.8 meters tall, or whatever may be on their romantic shopping list. At this Paris location, single people of all ages can schedule their shopping for Thursday nights between 6:30 and 9:00 p.m. When they walk through the door, they pick up a purple basket to advise that they are looking for love. They try to arrive early because the baskets disappear quickly, and then they have to wait in line for their turn to wander the store aisles(过道) . With purple baskets in hand, shoppers can consider their romantic options while they pick out their groceries. When they are ready to pay, they can go to the checkout line for singles who want to chat. Most of the people who look for love in the supermarket are skeptical of Internet dating. They know that it is easy to embellish(美化) one’s appearance or to lie about one’s age over the Internet. The supermarket, on the other hand, is considered a safe and casual environment in which to meet a potential match. In addition, what one finds in another’s grocery basket can say a thing or two about that person’s character or intentions. Buying pet food can be a man’s way of showing a potential match that he has a sensitive side. Women who fill their baskets with low-fat food show their healthy style of living. These days it’s possible to find much more than food at a grocery store.

  8. What do many single people in Pairs complain about?

  A. The difficulty in meeting people.

  B. The idea of supermarket dating.

  C. The items on their grocery list.

  D. The inconvenience in shopping.

  9. Which of the following can be inferred but is not clearly stated in the second paragraph?

  A. The dating supermarket is located in Paris. B. The dating supermarket is open only on Thursday evenings. C. People looking for love must get a basket of a particular color D. The dating supermarket has very good business.

  10. How do love shoppers meet one another?

  A. They schedule their meeting in advance. B. They go through a special checkout. C. They pick out their groceries with great care. D. They dial the phone numbers on their shopping items.

  11. Why do the people prefer the supermarket dating to Internet dating?

  A. The supermarket dating is more convenient. B. The supermarket dating is more casual. C. The supermarket dating can be trusted more. D. The supermarket dating is less expensive.

  D

  Imagine that you’re looking at your company-issued smartphone and you notice an e-mail from Linkedln: “These companies are looking for candidates like you!” You aren’t necessarily searching for a job, but you’re always open to opportunities, so out of curiosity, you click on the link. A few minutes later your boss appears at your desk. “We’ve noticed that you’re spending more time on Linkedln lately, so I wanted to talk with you about your career and whether you’re happy here,” she says. Uh-oh.

  It’s an awkward scene. Attrition (损耗)has always been expensive for companies, but in many industries the cost of losing good workers is rising, owing to tight labor markets. Thus companies are intensifying(增强)their efforts to predict which workers are at high risk of leaving so that managers can try to stop them. Tactics (策略)range from electronic monitor to sophisticated(复杂的)analyses of employees’ social media lives.

  Some of this work may be a reason to let employees to quit. In general, people leave their jobs because they don’t like their boss, don’t see opportunities for promotion or growth, or are offered a higher pay; these reasons have held steady for years.

  New research conducted by CEB, a Washington-based technology company, looks not just at why workers quit but also at when. “We’ve learned that what really affects people is their sense of how they’re doing compared with other people in their peer group, or with where they thought they would be at a certain point in life, says Brian Kropp, who heads CEB’s HR practice. “We’ve learned to focus on moments that allow people to make these comparisons.”

  Technology also provides clues about which star employees might be eyeing the exit. Companies can tell whether employees using work computers or phones are spending time on (or even just opening e-mails from) career websites, and research shows that more firms are paying attention to these things. Large companies have also begun tracking badge swipes(浏览痕迹)---- employees’ use of an ID to enter and exit the building or the parking garage---to identify patterns that suggest a worker may be interviewing for a job.

  12. From the first paragraph, we can infer Linkedln is___________.

  A. an e-mail B. a job from the Internet

  C. a professional social network D. a world-famous company

  13. What’s the main idea of the second paragraph?

  A. The cost of losing good workers is rising.

  B. Companies are stricter with workers than before.

  C. Measures have been taken to find the potential workers who want to quit.

  D. Finding new jobs has been a trend for most workers.

  14. According to the research by CEB, which of the following might be the most probable reason for workers to quit their jobs?

  A. They don’t like their bosses. B. Workers are always doing comparisons.

  C. Not seeing opportunities for promotion. D. To find a higher-paid job.

  15. What is the author’s purpose in writing the text?

  A. To make a review on a phenomenon. B. To tell us the leader’s concerns.

  C. To show a new trend in the job market. D. To stress the role of new technologies.

  第二节 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

  (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

  E

  The average computer user has between 5 and 15 username/password combinations to log in different kinds of account. Some demand you use a specific number of symbols and digits, while others require you to change your password every 60 days. The feeling of confusion resulting from memorizing these login information has grown so common that it actually has a name: password fatigue(疲劳). Having to remember so many different passwords is annoying, but it can also be dangerous. Because it is virtually impossible to remember a unique password for each of these accounts, many people leave handwritten lists of usernames and passwords on or next to their computers._____16_____While these practices make it easier to remember login information, they also make it easier for thieves to hack into accounts. Single Sign-On (SSO) confirmation and password management software can help solve this problem. With SSO, users only need to remember one password to log in to the main system.___17___SSO software is typically used by large companies, schools, or libraries. ___18___If a user loses or forgets the password required to log in to SSO software, the user will then lose access to all of the applications linked to the SSO account. Users who rely on password management software face the same problems. Although most websites or network systems allow users to recover or change lost passwords by providing email addresses or answering a prompt(提示), this process can waste time and cause further frustration. What is more, recovering a forgotten password is only a temporary solution.___19___ Some computer scientists have suggested computers rely on biometrics(生物测定学). ___20___The use of biometrics raises questions concerning privacy and can also be expensive to practice. Software engineers and computer security experts are still searching for the cure to password fatigue. Until they find the perfect solution, however, everyone will simply have to rely on the password system currently in place. A. It does not address the larger problem of password fatigue.B. These software programs have been built into many major web browsers C. The problem with password management software makes users feel powerless. D. The SSO software then automatically logs the user in to other accounts within the system.E. However, SSO confirmation and password management software also have drawbacks.F. This is a method of recognizing human users based on unique traits, such as fingerprints, voice, or DNA. G. Others solve this problem by using the same password for every account or using extremely simple passwords.

  第三部分:语言运用

  完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

  阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

  As I turned off one of the main roads the other day, I noticed something unusual in the parking lot the grocery store.

  There’s a wide grassy land in front of their parking lot, where ___21___often put up signs announcing their yard sales or events, but the ___22___in front of me was worthy of a double-take. A man in a suit was___23___a sign into the ground and a homeless man was ___24___the sign while he hammered.

  I was ___25___by how the two men looked so___26___ .one with a soldier suit, snowy white shirt, but the other with___27___clothing and uncombed hair waving ___28___ in the wind. And then the ___29___humanity of the moment hit me. So many times we___30___ homeless people and all we see is just homeless people. But on this day, I saw the kindness of a man who walked over to help someone. The moment really___31___me, and it was a fresh reminder to look___32___the outward appearance and see the person instead.

  A friend and I had the___33___a few years ago to write a study guide to a book. It’s an amazing book. That was evident from the first page when I read the dedication (题词)and it___34___,“To Titus, who taught me to cheer for humanity.”

  Wow, ___35___more of us did that? Can you imagine the ___36___it would make in our world? In one of the chapters, Sammy tells about sitting in large crowds at places, like shops and airports, and ___37___for humanity. It does___38___ things. Just imagine a disobedient(不服从的)teen with the crazy clothes becomes a young man who,s crying out for someone to ___39___and a homeless person becomes a real person, someone who needs ___40___and a helping hand.

  21. A. soldiers B. folks C. drivers D. kids

  22. A. sight B. sign C. scenery D. sale

  23. A. burying B. twisting C. knocking D. spinning

  24. A. holding B. measuring C. painting D. protecting

  25. A. seized B. moved C. choked D. struck

  26. A. alike B. opposite C. careful D. hardworking

  27. A. traditional B. ordinary C. broken D. ragged

  28. A. beautifully B. desperately C. wildly D. frequently

  29. A. holy B. merciful C. wise D. meaningless

  30. A. give away B. ask for C. depend on D. look at

  31. A. upset B. bothered C. touched D. interested

  32. A. beyond B. around C. via D. against

  33. A. trouble B. deadline C. ability D. opportunity

  34. A. wrote B. said C. spoke D. addressed

  35. A. what if B. but if C. as if D. only if

  36. A. appointment B. discrimination C. difference D. reform

  37. A. paying B. scolding C. looking D. cheering

  38. A. record B. enlarge C. change D. convey

  39. A. fight B. care C. cheat D. interview

  40. A. growth B. concern C. reputation D. authority

  第II 卷(共60分)

  注意:将答案写在答题卡上,写在本试卷上无效。

  第一节 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

  阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

  Pinyin is a useful tool, which _____41_____ (teach)in China to school kids. It is not merely used by westerners like us. It has proved to be a useful tool for Chinese people ____42____ (they)to learn standard pronunciation in their early education.

  The first step is to learn how _____43_____ (pronounce) each letter in pinyin correctly and the meaning of the tone markers. Then you have to do______44______ (drill) as many as you can. Turn that into a game. It can be ___45___ (much) fun than you would expect. Start ____46____single syllables and to that a lot and then syllable(音节)pairs. Slowly move on to larger groups. Understand the initial, final and the tones.

  But most importantly, what you need is good feedback. You’d better have someone that can correct your mistakes immediately.

  Find a native Chinese, _____47_____ pronunciation is quite perfect to correct you. If you take Chinese classes, the teacher will______48______ (probable) have you do exercises every class. Do this very seriously.

  If you are self-studying, try to meet native Chinese people and ask them to give you some feedback.

  Otherwise, try to be self-critical and listen very carefully. Good______49______ (listen) is more than 50% of ____50____ it takes to pronounce correctly.

  第二节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

  51. 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

  增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

  删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

  修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

  注意:1.每处错误及其修改均限一词。

  2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

  I’m Li Hua, a senior three student in our school. Last Monday I received three America students. We had a wonderful time. And I tasted the pleased feeling of friendship.

  In the afternoon, after divided into two groups, we began to work for the coming English speech context. Just as I was wondering what to do next, I saw a familiar figure passed by our classroom. It was my English teacher. I wondered that he would say. He said that it was a competition that everyone would like to take part in it. He added that was pretty fluent with English, but I needed to arrange my time good.

  In the evening, at about half past ten, we finished working. I don’t know the result, but I’m sure without our help, winning the championship will be the effort.

  52. 第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

  假定你是李华,你的英国朋友Alice对中国艺术感兴趣,特写信请你向她介绍中国传统艺术。请依据下列要点,给其写封回信。

  要点:1.介绍传统艺术――――年画;

  2.欢迎Alice来中国体验中国年画的创作。

  注意:1. 词数100左右。

  2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

  提示词:年画Chinese New Year paintings

  Dear Alice,

  __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  Yours truly,

  Li Hua

  精品解析:【全国百强校word】

  河北省衡水中学2019届高三下学期二调考试英语试题(解析版)

  命题人:吕田田

  本试卷分第I 卷(选择题)和第II 卷(非选择题)两部分,共150分,考试时间120分钟。

  注意事项:

  1.答第I卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、考号、考试科目用铅笔涂写在答题卡上。

  2.选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在本试卷上,否则无效。

  第I 卷(选择题,共100分)

  第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

  第一节 (共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

  听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

  1. In what way does the woman’s sister go to university every day?

  A. On foot B. By underground C. By bus

  2. What does the man mean?

  A. He used to like boating very much

  B. He won’t go boating with the woman

  C. He thinks it is too cold outside today

  3. What will the woman probably do this afternoon?

  A. Ask the man for help B. Go for a job interview

  C. Give the man some advice

  4. Why does the man want to know how to take care of babies?

  A. He is going to be a brother

  B. He wants to be a baby sitter

  C. His wife is going to have a baby

  5. How does the man expect the woman’s experience?

  A. Unusual B. Dull C. Exhausting

  第二节 (共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

  听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

  听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

  6. What should the woman do when arriving on 112th Street?

  A. Turn left and keep walking until she passes three lights

  B. Turn right and keep walking until she passes two lights

  C. Turn right and keep walking for about a mile

  7. Where is the supermarket?

  A. At the end of 112th Street

  B. At the beginning of 56th Street

  C. Around the corner on 56th Street

  听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

  8. What size car does the man want?

  A. A small car B. A midsize car C. A large car

  9. How much will the man have to pay?

  A. $160 B. $200 C. $240

  听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

  10. What is the man most probably?

  A. A teacher B. A salesman C. A scientist

  11. What does the woman want the robot to do?

  A. Talk with her B. Do her homework C. Do the housework

  12. What do we know about the robot from the conversation?

  A. It is not for sale at the moment

  B. It can do a lot of dangerous work

  C. It doesn’t operate on batteries

  听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

  13. How does the woman look now?

  A. Tried B. Upset C. Excited

  14. What does the woman think of Linda?

  A. Popular and lovely

  B. Intelligent and pretty

  C. Hard-working and smart

  15. What’s the weather probably like now?

  A. Cloudy B. Sunny C. Rainy

  16. What will the man probably do next?

  A. Go to the library

  B. Go to the dormitory

  C. Go to the teaching building

  听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

  17. How many years has Mount Fuji slept for?

  A. 250 B. 300 C. 350

  18. What will travelers do in Brazil?

  A. See mountain views at sunrise

  B. Visit at some temples

  C. Look at some temples

  19. When will travelers go to see Niagara Falls?

  A. In Week One

  B. In Week Two

  C. In Week Three

  20. Which country will travelers visit in Week Four?

  A. The Untied States

  B. Thailand

  C. Canada

  第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

  第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  A

  Instagram is containing so many photos of food---now a pop-up diner in London is taking advantage of this new trend by letting people settle the bill for their meals simply by uploading photos of their dishes to social networks.

  I always thought people's taking pictures of their food was kind of silly, but at this new pop-up restaurant in the UK, I'd probably do it too. “The Picture House” is the world's first pay-by-photo restaurant—you order, click a photo of the food, share on Instagram and eat for free!

  The restaurant belongs to frozen food giant (巨人)Birds Eye, who came up with the idea to cash in on people’s addiction with photographing food and sharing the pictures online. They conducted a survey and found out that more than half of the British population regularly took pictures of their meals. So they realized it was a better way to advertise their new dining range.

  The pop-up diner was open in Soho, London for three days in May, and is now moving to other major UK cities. They serve two-course meals that customers don't have to pay for, if they photo and Instagram it.

  The restaurant is a part of Birds Eye’s “Food for Life,” campaign, a new marketing project that aims at changing the way people look at frozen food. “Taking photos of food enables people to show off and to share their mealtime moments—from the everyday to the special,” said marketing director Margaret Jobling.

  The reaction to The Picture House has been great so far. And the pay-by-picture concept has proven to be an effective way. Alternative payment methods are actually gaining popularity among a lot of businesses. Last year, in a cafe in Germany customers pay by how much time they spend there, not by what they eat.

  1. Instagram probably is_______________.

  A. a restaurant free of charge B. a campaign of “Food for Life”

  C. a new marketing project D. a program used to share photos

  2. “The Picture House” encourages sharing photos of its food to_____________.

  A. raise the price of frozen food B. attract more customers

  C. create a new social media trend D. reward the regular customers

  3. Which of the following can serve as the best title for the passage?

  A. No Need to Pay. B. The Pop-up Diner.

  C. Pay by Picture. D. Food for Life.

  【答案】1. D 2. B 3. C

  1. D

  推理判断题。本文主要讲的是英国一家餐厅将餐厅经营与时下流行的照片分享软件相结合的事例,可知Instagram可能是一种分享照片的程序。故选D.

  2. B

  细节理解题。根据第三段So they realized it was a better way to advertise their new dining range.可知,他想拓宽餐厅的业务范围,吸引更多的顾客。故选B。

  3. C

  标题判断题。英国一家餐厅将餐厅经营与时下流行的照片分享软件相结合的事例,人们只要上传照片就可以获得免单。所以最佳标题是C. Pay by Picture,故选C.

  B

  Every day born a decade from now will have its genetic code(基因编码)mapped at birth, the head of the world’s leading genome sequencing(基因图谱)company has predicted.

  A complete DNA read – out for every newborn will be technically possible and affordable in less than five years, promising a revolution in healthcare, says Jay Flatley, the chief executive of Illumina. Only social and legal problems are likely to delay the age of “genome sequences,” or genetic profiles. By 2019 it will have become routine to map infants’ genes when they are born, Dr Flatly told The Times.

  This will open a new approach to medicine, by which conditions such as high blood pressure and heart disease can be predicted and prevented and drugs used more safely and effectively.

  A baby’s genome can be discovered at birth by a blood test. By examining a person’s genome, it is possible to identify raised risks of developing diseases such as cancers. Those at high risk can then be screened more regularly, or given drugs or dietary advice to lower their chances of becoming ill.

  Personal genomes could also be used to ensure that patients get the medicine that is most likely to work for them and least likely to have side – effects.

  The development, however, will raise legal concerns about privacy and access to individuals’ genetic records.

  “Bad things can be done with the genome. It could predict something about someone – and you could possibly hand the information to their employer or their insurance company.” said Dr Flatley.

  “People have to recognize that this horse is out of the barn, and that your genome probably can’t be protected, because everywhere you go you leave your genome behind. Complete genetic privacy, however, is unlikely to be possible”, he added.

  As the benefits become clearer, however, he believes that most people will want their genomes read and interpreted. The risk is nothing compared with the gain.

  4. In the first two paragraphs, the author mainly wants to tell us about__________.

  A. the significant progress in medicine

  B. the promise of a leading company

  C. the information of babies’ genes

  D. the research of medical scientists

  5. Which of the following is a problem caused by this approach?

  A. The delaying in discovering DNA.

  B. The risk of developing diseases at birth.

  C. The side effects of medicine on patients.

  D. The letting out of personal genetic information.

  6. What does the underlined sentence “… this horse is out of the barn” mean?

  A. Genetic mapping technique has been widely used.

  B. people can’t stop genetic mapping technique advancing.

  C. People are eager to improve genetic mapping technique.

  D. Genetic mapping technique is too horrible to control.

  7. What’s Dr Flatley’s attitude towards the technology?

  A. Tolerant. B. Conservative. C. Positive. D. Doubtful.

  【答案】4. A 5. D 6. B 7. C

  【解析】本文介绍了一项医学上的重大进步,即DNA技术在医疗上的应用。

  4. A

  目的意图题。根据前两段告诉我们在不到五年的时间里,每一个新生儿的完整的DNA解读将在技术上是可行的和担负得起的,这预示着医疗保健领域的一场革命。可知这是在告诉我们一项医学上的重大进步。故选A.

  5. D

  细节理解题:根据第六段The development, however, will raise legal concerns about privacy and access to individuals’ genetic records.可知,这种方法带来的问题就是它可能会泄露个人的基因信息。故选D.

  6. B

  猜测词句题:根据倒数第二段划线句所在段and that your genome probably can’t be protected, because everywhere you go you leave your genome behind. Complete genetic privacy, however, is unlikely to be possible”, he added.所说:因为无论你走到哪里,你都会留下你的基因组。因此完全的基因隐私是不可能的,这是你自己不能控制的。可知猜测出本句的意思是:人不能阻止遗传作图技术的推进。故选B.

  7. C

  推理判断题。根据最后一段所说:然而,随着利益的明朗化,他相信大多数人都希望他们的基因组能够被阅读和解释。这与收益相比风险又是什么。可以推断出作者对此技术是积极的态度。故选C.

  【名师点睛】

  猜测词句题要求根据阅读材料所提供的信息,结合中学生应有的常识和经验,正确判断生词词组的含义或熟词在特定语境中表达的具体含义以及一些句子的意思。使用“逻辑关系梳理法”、“递向寻踪法”理清人物及事物之间的逻辑关系是关键所在。例如第3小题词句理解题:词句理解题:根据倒数第二段划线句所在段and that your genome probably can’t be protected, because everywhere you go you leave your genome behind. Complete genetic privacy, however, is unlikely to be possible”, he added.所说:因为无论你走到哪里,你都会留下你的基因组。因此完全的基因隐私是不可能的,这是你自己不能控制的。可知猜测出本句的意思是:人不能阻止遗传作图技术的推进。故选B.

  C

  Although Paris is often considered the city of romance, c


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