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河北省衡水中学2019届高三下学期二模考试英语试题

2020-04-16 07:23[高考英语] 来源:www.engbus.cn 浏览: 次 评论:0条

  河北省衡水中学2019届高三下学期二模考试

  英语试题

  第Ⅰ卷

  第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

  第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

  听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

  1.What will Dorothy do on the weekend?

  A.Go out with her friend. B.Work on her paper. C.Make some plans.

  2.What was the normal price of the T-shirt?

  A.$15. B.$30. C.$50.

  3.What has the woman decided to do on Sunday afternoon?

  A.To attend a wedding. B.To visit an exhibition. C.To meet a friend.

  4.When does the bank close on Saturday?

  A.At 1:00 p.m. B.At 3:00 p.m. C.At 4:00 p.m.

  5.Where are the speakers?

  A.In a store. B.In a classroom. C.At a hotel.

  第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

  听下面5段对话或对白,每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置,听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题。每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

  听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

  6.What do we know about Nora?

  A.She prefers a room of her own.

  B.She likes to work with other girls.

  C.She lives near the city center.

  7.What is good about the flat?

  A.It has a large sitting room. B.It has good furniture. C.It has a big kitchen.

  听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

  8.Where has Barbara been?

  A.Milan. B.Florence. C.Rome.

  9.What was Barbara got in her suitcase?

  A.Shoes. B.Stones. C.Books.

  听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

  10.Who is making the telephone call?

  A.Thomas Brothers. B.Mike Landon. C.Jack Cooper.

  11.What relation is the woman to Mr.Cooper?

  A.His wife. B.His boss. C.His secretary.

  12.What is the message about?

  A.A meeting. B.A visit to France. C.The date for a trip.

  听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

  13.Who could the man speaker most probably be?

  A.A person who saw the accident. B.The driver of the lorry. C.A police offocer.

  14.What was Mrs.Franks doing when the accident took place?

  A.Walking along Churchill Avenue. B.Getting ready to cross the road. C.Standing outside a bank.

  15.When did the accident happen?

  A.At about 8:00 a.m. B.At about 9:00 a.m. C.At about 10:00 a.m.

  16.How did the accident happen?

  A.A lorry hit a car. B.A car ran into a lorry. C.A bank clerk rushed into the street.

  听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

  17.What is the talk mainly about?

  A.The history of the school. B.The courses for the term. C.The plan for the day.

  18.Where can the visitors learn about the subjects for new students?

  A.In the school hall. B.In the science labs. C.In the classroom.

  19.What can students do in the practical areas?

  A.Take science courses. B.Enjoy excellent meals. C.Attend workshops.

  20.When are the visitors expected to ask questions?

  A.During the lunch hour. B.After the welcome speech. C.Before the tour of the labs.

  第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

  第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

  A

  Best Companies

  Shine United (Madison,Wisconsin)

  In the past five years,this Wisconsin-based advertising agency has shared more than $500,000 in profits with its employees through the company's ShineShares program.The agency partnered with the University of Wisconsin's oncology department to develop the Ride,a biking event that benefits cancer research.Employees also get snacks every day,"Beer Thirty"on Thursdays,and Summer Fridays,a program that lets employees leave at noon.

  GroundFloor Media (Denver,Colorado)

  The key for workers at this midsize public relations firm in Denver is that employees work anytime,anywhere. Headquarters are in a former warehouse downtown,near Coors Field.The offices are spread around the central space that doubles as a wet bar every Thursday when the company's "bear club" brings in a new brew.

  Ergodyne (St.Paul,Minnesota)

  The St.Paul-based company has grown to operating out of a retired storehouse with plenty of natural light. Rules about dressing?"Wear something."Its purpose?To create cool,comfortable,and tough safety workwear for those who need it to get the job done.Ergodyne has around 50 employees,who enjoy hot dish cook-offs,tickets to sporting events,and at least one happy hour every quarter.

  Southwest Michigan First (Kalamazoo,Michigan)

  It's family first at this Michigan economic development advising agency.CEO Ron Kitchens says that in the past year,the company has made a push to go green,initially started by the millennial employees who make up half the agency's workforce.A new staff position was created for the purpose of making sure every employee is able to balance working and cheering at their kids' sporting events or going fishing.

  1. What's the purpose of the ShineShares program?

  A. To raise money for a research.

  B. To let employees leave earlier.

  C. To share the company's benefits.

  D. To partner with a local university.

  2. What does Southwest Michigan First encourage their employees to do?

  A. To accompany their families.

  B. To create new staff positions.

  C. To join in cooking competitions.

  D. To enjoy themselves in sporting events.

  3. Which company allows its staff a flexible working time?

  A. Shine United.

  B. GroundFloor Media.

  C. Southwest Michigan First.

  D. Ergodyne.

  4. What can we know about the companies mentioned in the text?

  A. They offer employees financial support.

  B. They care about employees' happiness.

  C. They have strict rules about dressing.

  D. They have training programs.

  B

  We can have conflicts with our important persons like friends,relatives,workmates,etc.But the conflict doesn't necessarily mean that the relationship will be destroyed.In fact,sometimes conflict helps people to let out their silent feelings,allowing them to free their suppressed emotions.However,when in a conflict,we usually get angry and say or do things which aren't linked to the problem at hand.Therefore,it is important that we should try to avoid conflicts through effective communication.

  In a heated argument,we usually say things that aren't related to the real problem,and even use rude words to make sure we gain an advantage over the other persons.Then the whole situation goes badly.So we should not separate(隔离)the root cause of the problem and build our discussion around it.This ensures that there are no rude remarks and the situation moves in a positive direction.

  It's easy for us to think we're right and if something isn't working out,it surely must be someone else's fault. However,if you aim to solve a conflict,first of all,you should show some respect and allow the other persons to express themselves.Using remarks like,"I understand your concern on this"or"I know you're right at your end",would make the other persons feel more appreciated.

  Sometimes some people get too excited and may behave in the wrong way or say something others may not appreciate.This can cause a worse situation.Actually,they should control their emotions and keep calm.This has to be learned through self-control and observing behavior of other people.

  The tips mentioned above are useful for most situations.However,we don't rule out the possibility that there are some people who always want to create some sort of trouble for others.You can tell them from others,and putting in an effort to resolve a conflict with them may just not be a wise idea. The best way to deal with these people is to forget them.A famous saying can help you and that is:"You should never fight with a pig; you both get dirty and only the pig likes it."

  5. What can we learn from Paragraph 1?

  A. Conflicts may help us deal with our emotions.

  B. Conflicts can improve our relations with others greatly.

  C. Effective communication can help us avoid conflicts undoubtedly.

  D. The closer two friends are,the more conflicts are between them.

  6. When making discussions to solve conflicts,we should .

  A. know others' personal quality

  B. know others' ability of expression

  C. avoid showing our disadvantages

  D. center on the root cause of.the problem

  7. The author suggests that when people get too excited,they should .

  A. behave like other people

  B. control the situation

  C. learn to keep their head

  D. say something unconcerned

  8. In the author's opinion, how should you deal with those who always want to create trouble for you?

  A. Fight with them.

  B. Ignore them.

  C. Have a talk with them.

  D. Give them something they like.

  C

  “I like photography because it captures amazing things that you might not see again,” Timmy Walsh says. He takes pictures of flowers, sunsets and road signs. But those photos don‟t usually end up in a scrapbook(剪贴簿) or on his bedroom walls.

  When Timmy was five, he found out that his aunt Bev had lung cancer. He wanted to do something to help her. His first idea was to sell his photos from a lemonade--type stand in front of his house in Pennsylvania. “My mom said it wouldn‟t work because we were not on a busy street,” Timmy explains.

  His next idea was to have an art show. Timmy decorated his home with candles, flowers, and white lights. Then he arranged his photos. Timmy‟s mom, Sheila, remembers: “Our dining-room table was filled, the living room--everything was filled with photos.” Friends, family, and Timmy‟s teachers came to the show. He raised more than $300 for cancer research that night. Aunt Bev was “very happy and excited ,”he says.

  After a local newspaper wrote a story about Timmy‟s photos, a volunteer offered to help him set up a website. As people learned about his cause, called Camera for a Cure, Timmy began receiving invitations to sell his pictures at art galleries and fund-raisers. Since then, his work has appeared in more than 20 shows.

  When Timmy is at a show, he greets each customer and talks about what he was thinking when he took his photos. And he always shares facts about lung cancer. Sometimes donations and sales are slow, but that doesn‟t bother him. “It doesn‟t matter how much money we made because we just raised awareness,” he says. Timmy knows that finding a cure for lung cancer will take time and effort. So Timmy will keep doing his part by shooting and selling photos of the things he sees..

  9. Before Timmy started Camera for a Cure, he__________.

  A. always sold lemonade in front of his house.

  B. liked making scrapbooks by using his photos.

  C. had developed a deep interest in photography.

  D. had been providing photos for a local newspaper.

  10. What can we learn about the art show Timmy held at his home?

  A. It was generally popular.

  B. It cost $300 to organize it.

  C. It was funded by Aunt Bev.

  D. It was advertised on a website.

  11. For Timmy, what‟s the benefit of selling his photos at art galleries?

  A. Raising money more quickly.

  B. Improving his photographic skills

  C. Exchanging ideas with other artists.

  D. Increasing public awareness of lung cancer.

  12. Which of the following can best describe Timmy?

  A. Proud and confident.

  B. Imaginative but cautious.

  C. Generous but self-centered.

  D. Determined and warm-hearted .

  D

  The more hours young children spend in child care,the more likely they are to turn out aggressive and disobedient by the time they are in kindergarten,according to the largest study of child care and development ever conducted.Researchers said this correlation(相关性)held true regardless of whether the children came from rich or poor homes,were looked after by a relative or at a center,and whether they were girls or boys.

  What is uncertain,however,is whether the child care actually causes the problem or whether children likely to turn out aggressive happen to be those who spend more hours in child care.It also remains unclear whether reducing the amount of time in child care will reduce the risk that a child will turn into a mean person.What's more,quality child care is associated with increased skills in intellectual ability such as language and memory,leading some academics to suggest that child care turns out children who are "smart and naughty".

  The government-sponsored research,which has tracked more than 1,300 children at 10 sites across the country since 1991,is bound to cause the debate over child care again: How should people balance work and family?And how should parents,especially mothers,resolve the demands that are placed on them to be both breadwinners and supermoms?

  That debate was already on display at a new briefing yesterday,where researchers themselves had different opinions about the data and its implications(含义)."There is a constant relationship between time in care and problem behavior,especially those involving aggression and behavior,"said Jay Belsky of Birkbeck College in London,one of the lead investigators of the study who has previously annoyed women's groups because of his criticisms of child care."On behalf of fathers or mothers?"interrupted Sarah Friedman,a developmental psychologist at the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) and one of the other lead scientists on the study."On behalf of parents and families," responded Belsky.

  "NICHD is not willing to get into policy recommendations,"said Friedman,contradicting her colleague."There are other possibilities that can be entertained.Yes it is a quick solution—more hours in child care is associated with more problems.The easy solution is to cut the number of hours but that may have implications for the family that may not be beneficial for the development of the children in terms of economics."In an interview after the briefing, Friedman said that asking parents to work fewer hours and spend more time with their children usually meant a loss of family income,which adversely(不利地)affects children.

  Scientists said that the study was highly reliable.But the researchers said they had no whether the behavioral difficulties persisted as the children moved to higher grades.

  13. Children who spend more time in quality child care will .

  A. develop greater ability in language

  B. be easy to manage and less naughty

  C. possess great risk-taking spirit

  D. be greedy and mean to their classmates

  14. What is still unknown about higher level of aggressiveness in kindergarten children?

  A. whether higher level of aggressiveness can be avoided with longer child care.

  B. Where longer child care equally affects children from different families.

  C. Whether aggressiveness is a direct result of longer child care.

  D. Whether longer child care improves intellectual ability in children.

  15. In the fifth paragraph the word "it" probably mean .

  A. NICHD is unwilling to give parents recommendations

  B. NICHD is willing to give policy advice concerning child care

  C. the number of hours in child care should be reduced significantly

  D. parents should discipline the behavior of their children more strictly

  第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

  根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

  Master Your Deadlines

  The struggle begins in high school,sometimes earlier.Deadlines,and lots of them,start to pile up.At college,the pressure sometimes leads to last-minute rush and unsatisfactory work.At work,failing to meet deadlines can easily get you fired.___16___.Here are a few best practices.

  ●Assign deadlines to what matters.

  If the task isn't of high importance,don't set a speci6c deadline.In this way,you are able to keep it on your radar for a while without feeling pressured.___17___.This will provide just enough pressure to ensure you get it done.

  ●___18___.

  Set a personal deadline for yourself a day or two before the actual deadline.___19___.If you're working with a group of people,add in even more time to account for potential follow-ups and the need for approvals.

  ●Keep communicating.

  ___20___.This means letting others know when something is taking longer than expected,when a delivery didn't come in,when a client is not providing the necessary information,etc.Although it may feel embarrassing to admit that something is not on schedule,being honest is much better for relieving your stress.

  A.Plan for flexible hours

  B.Finish your project as early as possible

  C.But if an activity is urgent,set a deadline immediately

  D.In this way,you'll never have to stay up late and feel stressed

  E.But handled properly,deadlines can actually improve productivity

  F.Whenever you feel challenged to finish work on time,communicate

  G.So if anything takes longer than expected,you can still wrap it up and submit it on time

  第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

  第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每题1.5分,满分30分)

  阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

  On our first anniversary,Jack bought a bottle of Casaque,an expensive cologne(古龙香水)for me."We agreed to save the money for your postgraduate education",I said somewhat half-heartedly as I took it out from a beautifully-wrapped packet."I am unable not to give something___21___to the world’s most beautiful bride,honey!"I held it to my___22___,and smelled the most pleasant flavor I could ever___23___.Looking down at my___24___blue jeans and ugly, ragged tennis shoes,I wondered if I could ever be worthy of it.But I would___25___.I used only a little of it every time ___26___Jack graduated and our life was financially easier.It’s a___27___the foolish love of a young husband.

  Then one day three-year-old Jim was sitting on the floor___28___the empty cologne bottle His lips wet,he was making a(n)___29___face.He drank my___30___cologne!"Jack,come quick,"I cried,"can cologne___31___my baby?Jim drank the rest of it!""It's mostly just alcohol,honey,"Jack___32___me.Little Jim was fine,and my concern for my child was___33___.I now felt ___34___to see the empty cologne bottle.

  A few weeks later,Jack bought another bottle of my beloved cologne.I___35___it as much as I had done to the earlier one.___36___,it became three-quarters empty.I thought it best to buy mother___37___.But the shop assistant told me that there wasn’t even a maker of that brand any more.

  Now I only use my special cologne on very important occasions,because there will be___38___to replace it when these last few precious___39___are gone.But from the bottom of my heart it's not three-quarters empty but still one-quarter full.Perhaps if I'm very careful,I can___40___using it for the rest of my life.

  21. A. special B. terrible C. practical D. cheap

  22. A. nose B. eye C. hand D. mouth

  23. A. afford B. imagine C. touch D. describe

  24. A. clumsy B. unique C. faded D. stylish

  25. A. act B. try C. insist D. withdraw

  26. A. unless B. even if C. until D. even after

  27. A. cost B. consequence C. standard D. symbol

  28. A. looking for B. holding C. reaching for D. filling

  29. A. amused B. excited C. awful D. happy

  30. A. precious B. poisonous C. dangerous D. magical

  31. A. attract B. hurt C. frighten D. please

  32. A. criticized B. encouraged C. educated D. comforted

  33. A. relieved B. increased C. confirmed D. developed

  34. A. grateful B. nervous C. heartbroken D. desperate

  35. A. resisted B. wasted C. protected D. prized

  36. A. So B. Still C. Otherwise D. Therefore

  37. A. bottle B. brand C. flavor D. color

  38. A. some B. none C. another D. more

  39. A. quarters B. packets C. drops D. shops

  40. A. turn to B. devote to C. count on D. decide on

  第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

  阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

  Chinese are the first people to have tea.One thousand and two hundred years ago,Lu Yu wrote a book called "The Classic of Tea",___41___is honored as "The Bible of Tea".The book gives a detailed___42___(explain) of the origin,the processing skills and the classification of tea.

  However,Chinese tea culture goes far beyond tea___43___(it).Take green tea for instance,the ideal temperature of the water should be around 80℃.If the water is too hot,nutrients(营养)in the tea___44___(destroy).On the other hand,if the water is not hot enough,the tea___45___(leaf) won't open up and you will miss the pleasantly fresh flavor.So Chinese people are accustomed___46___drinking hot tea.When you visit a Chinese friend,your friend will___47___(constant) add hot water to your emptying cup of tea.It is polite___48___(offer) the tea cup to guests with both hands.Of course,the guests should pay respect as well___49___(take) over the cup with both hands.

  Talking about adding water to the tea cup,there is___50___saying: wine full,full cup.Tea half,half cup.For wine,full cup symbolizes whole heartiness.For tea,half,it means modesty.

  第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

  第一节 短文改错(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)

  51. 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下短文。短文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

  增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在此符号下面写出该加的词。

  删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

  修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

  注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

  2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

  In my mind,I could never fancy how ten second of life could change a person's view for his whole existence.A few years ago I experience the worst moment in my life.I was driving home that afternoon.Unfortunately,I didn't make it home as usually because I had a car accident.While I was driving,all of a sudden,but the car in front of me stopped.My car immediately ran into it.Luckily,I wasn't serious hurt.That accident changed way I drive and they taught me a valuable lesson.I also came to the conclusion which life needs to be treasuring.

  第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

  52. 假定你是李华。你的美国外教David回国时,请你帮他找人制作一枚中文名章(name stamp)以作纪念。你已找好制作人。给他写封邮件,告知此事,并请他从所附图片中挑选字体、图案及材料。

  注意:

  1.词数100左右;

  2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

  Dear David,

  _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  Yours,

  Li hua

  河北省衡水中学2019届高三下学期二模考试

  英语试题

  第Ⅰ卷

  第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

  第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

  听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

  1.What will Dorothy do on the weekend?

  A.Go out with her friend. B.Work on her paper. C.Make some plans.

  2.What was the normal price of the T-shirt?

  A.$15. B.$30. C.$50.

  3.What has the woman decided to do on Sunday afternoon?

  A.To attend a wedding. B.To visit an exhibition. C.To meet a friend.

  4.When does the bank close on Saturday?

  A.At 1:00 p.m. B.At 3:00 p.m. C.At 4:00 p.m.

  5.Where are the speakers?

  A.In a store. B.In a classroom. C.At a hotel.

  第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

  听下面5段对话或对白,每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置,听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题。每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

  听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

  6.What do we know about Nora?

  A.She prefers a room of her own.

  B.She likes to work with other girls.

  C.She lives near the city center.

  7.What is good about the flat?

  A.It has a large sitting room. B.It has good furniture. C.It has a big kitchen.

  听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

  8.Where has Barbara been?

  A.Milan. B.Florence. C.Rome.

  9.What was Barbara got in her suitcase?

  A.Shoes. B.Stones. C.Books.

  听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

  10.Who is making the telephone call?

  A.Thomas Brothers. B.Mike Landon. C.Jack Cooper.

  11.What relation is the woman to Mr.Cooper?

  A.His wife. B.His boss. C.His secretary.

  12.What is the message about?

  A.A meeting. B.A visit to France. C.The date for a trip.

  听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

  13.Who could the man speaker most probably be?

  A.A person who saw the accident. B.The driver of the lorry. C.A police offocer.

  14.What was Mrs.Franks doing when the accident took place?

  A.Walking along Churchill Avenue. B.Getting ready to cross the road. C.Standing outside a bank.

  15.When did the accident happen?

  A.At about 8:00 a.m. B.At about 9:00 a.m. C.At about 10:00 a.m.

  16.How did the accident happen?

  A.A lorry hit a car. B.A car ran into a lorry. C.A bank clerk rushed into the street.

  听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

  17.What is the talk mainly about?

  A.The history of the school. B.The courses for the term. C.The plan for the day.

  18.Where can the visitors learn about the subjects for new students?

  A.In the school hall. B.In the science labs. C.In the classroom.

  19.What can students do in the practical areas?

  A.Take science courses. B.Enjoy excellent meals. C.Attend workshops.

  20.When are the visitors expected to ask questions?

  A.During the lunch hour. B.After the welcome speech. C.Before the tour of the labs.

  第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

  第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

  A

  Best Companies

  Shine United (Madison,Wisconsin)

  In the past five years,this Wisconsin-based advertising agency has shared more than $500,000 in profits with its employees through the company's ShineShares program.The agency partnered with the University of Wisconsin's oncology department to develop the Ride,a biking event that benefits cancer research.Employees also get snacks every day,"Beer Thirty"on Thursdays,and Summer Fridays,a program that lets employees leave at noon.

  GroundFloor Media (Denver,Colorado)

  The key for workers at this midsize public relations firm in Denver is that employees work anytime,anywhere. Headquarters are in a former warehouse downtown,near Coors Field.The offices are spread around the central space that doubles as a wet bar every Thursday when the company's "bear club" brings in a new brew.

  Ergodyne (St.Paul,Minnesota)

  The St.Paul-based company has grown to operating out of a retired storehouse with plenty of natural light. Rules about dressing?"Wear something."Its purpose?To create cool,comfortable,and tough safety workwear for those who need it to get the job done.Ergodyne has around 50 employees,who enjoy hot dish cook-offs,tickets to sporting events,and at least one happy hour every quarter.

  Southwest Michigan First (Kalamazoo,Michigan)

  It's family first at this Michigan economic development advising agency.CEO Ron Kitchens says that in the past year,the company has made a push to go green,initially started by the millennial employees who make up half the agency's workforce.A new staff position was created for the purpose of making sure every employee is able to balance working and cheering at their kids' sporting events or going fishing.

  1. What's the purpose of the ShineShares program?

  A. To raise money for a research.

  B. To let employees leave earlier.

  C. To share the company's benefits.

  D. To partner with a local university.

  2. What does Southwest Michigan First encourage their employees to do?

  A. To accompany their families.

  B. To create new staff positions.

  C. To join in cooking competitions.

  D. To enjoy themselves in sporting events.

  3. Which company allows its staff a flexible working time?

  A. Shine United.

  B. GroundFloor Media.

  C. Southwest Michigan First.

  D. Ergodyne.

  4. What can we know about the companies mentioned in the text?

  A. They offer employees financial support.

  B. They care about employees' happiness.

  C. They have strict rules about dressing.

  D. They have training programs.

  【答案】1. C 2. A 3. B 4. B

  【解析】文章介绍美国几家最优秀的公司。

  1. 细节理解题。根据Shine United (Madison,Wisconsin)部分的第一句话In the past five years,this Wisconsin-based advertising agency has shared more than $500,000 in profits with its employees through the company's ShineShares program.在过去的五年里,这家威斯康星广告代理公司已经通过公司的ShineShares program和雇员分享了超过50万美元的利润。故the ShineShares program的目的是分享公司的利润。故选C。

  2. 细节理解题。根据Southwest Michigan First (Kalamazoo,Michigan)部分的最后一句A new staff position was created for the purpose of making sure every employee is able to balance working and cheering at their kids' sporting events or going fishing.可判断,这家公司确保每位雇员能够平衡工作和为孩子们的体育赛事喝彩或钓鱼,可知这家公司鼓励雇员陪伴家人,故选A。

  3. 细节理解题。根据第二段GroundFloor Media (Denver,Colorado)中的句子The key for workers at this midsize public relations firm in Denver is that employees work anytime,anywhere. Denver的这家中型公众关系公司的工人们可以在任何时间、任何地点工作。故本题选B。

  4. 推理判断题。根据着四个公司中的句子…a biking event that benefits cancer research.,Employees also get snacks every day, …lets employees leave at noon.有益于癌症研究的骑车项目…雇员每天也会有零食,…让雇员中午下班;The key for workers at this midsize public relations firm in Denver is that employees work anytime,anywhere. 工人们可以在任何时间、任何地点工作。;…50 employees,who enjoy hot dish cook-offs,tickets to sporting events,and at least one happy hour every quarter.雇员可以享受烹饪竞赛,运动项目门票以及每星期至少一小时快乐时光;making sure every employee is able to balance working and cheering at their kids' sporting events or going fishing. 这家公司确保每位雇员能够平衡工作和为孩子们的体育赛事喝彩或钓鱼。可推断,这四家公司都关注雇员的快乐,故选B。

  B

  We can have conflicts with our important persons like friends,relatives,workmates,etc.But the conflict doesn't necessarily mean that the relationship will be destroyed.In fact,sometimes conflict helps people to let out their silent feelings,allowing them to free their suppressed emotions.However,when in a conflict,we usually get angry and say or do things which aren't linked to the problem at hand.Therefore,it is important that we should try to avoid conflicts through effective communication.

  In a heated argument,we usually say things that aren't related to the real problem,and even use rude words to make sure we gain an advantage over the other persons.Then the whole situation goes badly.So we should not separate(隔离)the root cause of the problem and build our discussion around it.This ensures that there are no rude remarks and the situation moves in a positive direction.

  It's easy for us to think we're right and if something isn't working out,it surely must be someone else's fault. However,if you aim to solve a conflict,first of all,you should show some respect and allow the other persons to express themselves.Using remarks like,"I understand your concern on this"or"I know you're right at your end",would make the other persons feel more appreciated.

  Sometimes some people get too excited and may behave in the wrong way or say something others may not appreciate.This can cause a worse situation.Actually,they should control their emotions and keep calm.This has to be learned through self-control and observing behavior of other people.

  The tips mentioned above are useful for most situations.However,we don't rule out the possibility that there are some people who always want to create some sort of trouble for others.You can tell them from others,and putting in an effort to resolve a conflict with them may just not be a wise idea. The best way to deal with these people is to forget them.A famous saying can help you and that is:"You should never fight with a pig; you both get dirty and only the pig likes it."

  5. What can we learn from Paragraph 1?

  A. Conflicts may help us deal with our emotions.

  B. Conflicts can improve our relations with others greatly.

  C. Effective communication can help us avoid conflicts undoubtedly.

  D. The closer two friends are,the more conflicts are between them.

  6. When making discussions to solve conflicts,we should .

  A. know others' personal quality

  B. know others' ability of expression

  C. avoid showing our disadvantages

  D. center on the root cause of.the problem

  7. The author suggests that when people get too excited,they should .

  A. behave like other people

  B. control the situation

  C. learn to keep their head

  D. say something unconcerned

  8. In the author's opinion, how should you deal with those who always want to create trouble for you?

  A. Fight with them.

  B. Ignore them.

  C. Have a talk with them.

  D. Give them something they like.

  【答案】5. A 6. D 7. C 8. B

  【解析】即使是和我们最重要的人也会有冲突,文章介绍通过有效的交流来避免冲突几个技巧。

  5. 推理判断题。根据第一段的内容In fact, sometimes conflict helps people to let out their silent feelings, allowing them to free their suppressed emotions.事实上,有时候冲突能帮助人们释放他们无声的情感,允许他们释放他们压抑的情感。可推断“冲突或许能帮助我们处理情感”正确,故选A。

  6. 细节理解题。根据第二段内容So we should not separate(隔离)the root cause of the problem…This ensures that there are no rude remarks and the situation moves in a positive direction.我们不应该隔离问题的根源,这会保证没有粗鲁的话语,情势向积极的方向发展。可知在讨论中,我们应该关注问题的根源。故选D。

  7. 细节理解题。根据第四段内容Actually, they should control their emotions and keep calm.事实上,他们应该控制他们的情感,保持镇静。可知


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