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1992年全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题及参考答案

2011-01-15 23:34[考研英语] 来源:互联网 评论:0条

Ⅰ. In each sentence, decide which of the four choicea given will most suitably complete the sen-
tence if inserted at the place marked. Put your choices in the ANSWER SHEET. ( 15 points )

l . I will give this dictionary to _ wants to have it.
A. whomever B. someone C. whoever D. anyone
2. After having gone _ far, George did not want to turn back.
A. enough B. much C. such D. that
3. _ all our kindness to help her, Sarah refused to listen to us.
A. At B. For C. In D. On
4. Richard doesn' t think he could ever _ what is called "free-style" poetry.
A. take on B. take over C. take to D. take after
5. In the past men generally perfered that their wives _ in the home.
A. worked B. would work C. work D. were working
6. I don't want to lend any more money to him; he's already in debt _ me.
A. to B. for C. of D. with
7. The business of each day, _ selling goods or shipping them,went quite smoothly.
A. it being B. be it C. was it D. it was
8. Carey didn't go to the party last night because she _ the baby for her sister until 9:30 .
A. must have looked after B would have to look after
C. had to look after D. should have looked after
9. _ , he does get initated with her sometimes.
A. As he likes her much B. Much though he likes her
C. Though much he like her D. Much as he likes her
IO. Califomians and New Englanders speak the same language and _ by the same federal laws.
A. stand B. conform C. abide D. sustain


Il . The vocabulary of any technical discussion may include words which are never used outside
the subject or field _ .
A. in view B. in question C. in case D. in effect
12 . The long-awaited Hubble Space Telescope,_ to orbit the Earth next March ,will ob-
serve some of the oldest stars in the sky.
A. subject B. owing C. available D. due
13. _ of the burden of ice, the balloon climbed up and drifted to the South.
A. To be free B. Freeing C. To free D. Freed
14. The patient has been _ of the safety of the operation.
A. assured B. guaranteed C. entrusted D. confirmed
15. Will you _ this passage to see if there is any misprint?
A. look up B. go over C. dwell on "D. work out
16. The patients believe that the doctor knows exactly how to put them _.
A. correct B. straight C. right D. well
17. Although he thought he was helping us prepare the dinner, he was actuaily _ the
way .
A. in B. by C. off D. on
18. If we believe something is good and true we should tn it.
A. hold up B. keep on C. hold on D. keep up
19. _, more than 200 houses and buildings are heated by solar energy, not to mention
the big cities in the region.
A. Alone in the small town B. In the small alone town
C. In the alone small town D. In the small towll alone
20 . The bank is reported in the local newspaper in broad daylight yesterday.
A. to be robbed B. robbed
C. to have been robbed D. having been robbed
21 . The engineers are going through with their highway project , the expenses have
risen .
A. even though B. just because
C. now that D. as though
22: Although we had told then not to keep us waiting, they made no _ to speed up deliv-
eries .
A. trial B. attempt C. action D. progress
23 . Water will continue to be _ it is today-next in importance to oxygen.
A. how B. which C. as D. what
24. Had Paul received six more votes in the last election, he _ our chairman now.
A. must have been B. would have been
C. were . D. would be
25. Stressful environments lead to unhealthy behaviors such as poor eating habits, which
_increase the risk of heart disease.
A. in tum B. in retum C. by chance D. by tums
26. The tourist is prevented from entering a country if he does not have passport.
A. . an operative B. a valid C. an efficient D. an effective
27. I like to go to the cinema when I am in the _ for it.
A. motive B. mind C. mood D. notion
28. The project requires more labor than
A. has been put in B. have been put in
C. being put in D. to be put in
29. Circus tigers, although they have been tamed, can _ attack their trainer.
A. unexpectedly B. deliberately
C. reluctantly D. subsequently
30. There seemed little hope that the explorer, _ in the tropical forest, would find his
way through it.
A. to be deserted B. having deserted
C. to have been deserted D. having been deserted


Ⅱ. Each of the passags below is fnllowed by some questions. For each question four answers
are given. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each of the questions.
Put your choice in the ANSWER SIIEET. (30 points)
1
It is all very well to blame traffic jams, the mst of petrol and the quick pace of modem life,
but manners on the roads are beaoming horrible. Everybody knows that the nicest men become
monsters behind the wheel. It is aU vvy well, again, to have a tiger in the tank, but to have one
in the driver's seat is arnother matter altogether. You might tolerate the odd road-hog, the rude
and inconsiderate driver, but nowadays the well-mannered motorist is the exception to the rule.
Perhaps the situation calls for a 'Be Kind to Other Drivers' campaign, otherwise it may get com-
pletely out of hand.
Road politeness is not only good manners, but good sense too. It takes the most cool-headed
and good-tempered of drivers to resist the temptation to revenge when subjected to uncivilized be-
havior. On the other hand, a little politeness goes a long way towards relieving the tensions of
motoring. A friendly nod or a wave of acknowledgement in response to an act of politeness helps
to create an atmosphere of goodwill and tolerance so necessary in modem tralfic conditions. But
such acknowledgements of politeness are all too rare today. Many drivers nowadays don't even
seem able to recognize politeness when they see it.
However, misplaced politeness can also be dangerous. Typical examples are the driver who
brakes violently to allow a car to emerge from a side street at solne hazard to following traffic,
when a few seconds later the road would be clear anyway; or the man who waves a child across a
zebra crossing into the path of oncoming vehicles that may be unable to stop in time. The same
goes for encouraging old ladies to cross the road wherever and whenever they care to. It always a-
mazes me that the highways are not covered with the dead bodies of these grannies.
A veteran driver, whose mallners are faultless, told me it would help if motorists leamt to
filter correctly into traffic streams one at a time without causing the total blockages that give rise
to bad temper. Unfortunately, modern motorists can' t even learn to drive, let alone master the
subtler aspects of roadsmanship. Years ago the experts warned us that the car-owrner-ship explo-
sion would demand a lot more give-and-take from all road users. It is high time for all of us to
take this message to heart.
31 . According to this passage, troubles on the road are primarily caused by
A. people' s attitude towards the road-hog
B. the rhythm of modem life
C. the behavior of the driver
D. traffic conditions
32. The sentence "You might tolerate the odd road-hog . . . the rule. " (Para. I ) implies that
A. our society is unjust towards well-mannered motorists
B. rude drivers can be met only occasionally
C. the well-mannered motorist cannot tolerate the road-hog
D. nowadays impolite drivers constitute the majority of motorists
33. By "good sense" , the writer means
A. the driver' s ability to understand and react reasonably
B. the driver' s prompt response to difficult and severe conditions
C. the driver' s tolerance of nlde or even savage behavior
D. the driver' s acknowledgement of politeness and regulations
34. Experts have long pointed out that in the faoe of car-owner-ship explosion,
A. road users should make more sacrifice
B. drlvers should be ready to yield to each other
C. drivers should have more communication among themselves
d. drivers will suffer great loss if they pay no respect to others
35. In the writer's opinion,
A. strict traffic regulations are badly needed
B. drivers should apply road politeness properly
C. rude drivers should be punished
D. drivers should avoid traffic jams
2
In the atmosphere, carbon dioxide acts rather like a one-way mirror--the glass in the roof of
a greenhouse which allows the sun's rays to enter but prevents the heat from escaping.
According to a weather expert' s prediction, the annosphere will be 3C warmer in the year
2050 than it is today, if man continues to burn fuels at the present tate. If this warming up took
place, the ice caps in the poles would begin to melt, thus raising sea level several metres and
severely flooding coastal cities. Also, the increase in atmospheric temperature would lead to great
changes in the climate of the nonthern hemisphere, possibly resulting in an alteration of
earth's chief food-growing zones.
In the past, concern about a man-made warming of the earth has concentrated on the Arctic
because the Antarctic is much colder and has a much thicker ice sheet. But the weather experts
are now paying more attention to West Antarctic, which may be affected by only a few degress of
warming, in other words, by a warming on the scale that will possibly take place in the next fifty
years from the burning of fuels.
Satellite pictures show that large areas of Antarctic ice are already dispappearing. The evi-
dence available suggests that a warming has taken place. This fits the theory that carbon dioxide
warms the earth.
However, most of the fuel is burnt in the northern hemisphere, where temperatures seem to
be falling. Scientists conclude , therefore, that up to now natural influences on the weather have
exceeded those caused by man. The question is: Which natural cause has most effect on the
weather?
One possibility is the variable behavior of the sun. Astronomers at one research station have
studied the hot spots and "cold" spots (that is, the relatively less hot spots) on the sun. As the
sun rotates, every 27. 5 days, it presents hotter or "colder" faces to the earth, and different as-
pects to different parts of the earth. This seems to have a considerable effect on the distribution of
the earth's atmospheric pressure, and consequently on wind circulation. The sun is also variable
over a long term: its heat output goes up and down in cycles, the latest trend being downward.
Scientists are now finding mutual relations between models of solar-weather interactions and
the actual climate over many thousands of years, "including the last Ice Age. The problem is that
the models are predicting that the world should be entering a new Ice Age and it is not. One way
of solving this theoretical difficulty is to assume a delay of thousands of years while the solar ef-
fects overcome the inenia (惯性) of the earth's climate. If this is right, the warming effect of
carbon dioxide might thus be serving as a useful counter-balance to the sun's diminishing heat .
36. It can be concluded that a concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere would
A. prevent the sun's rays from leeching the earth's surface
B. mean a warming up in the Arctic
C. account for great changes in the climate in the noHhem hemisphere
D. raise the temperature of the earth' s surface

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