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儿科医学词汇

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儿科学Pediatrics

儿童保健Child care

疾病防治Disease prevention

营养基础Basal nutrition

婴儿喂养Infants' feeding

营养不良Malnutrition

小儿肥胖obesity in Childhood

解剖Anatomy

生理生化Physiology and biochemistry

营养代谢Nutrition and Metabolism

免疫Immunity

病理Pathology

疾病的种类Variety of Disease

临床表现Clinical Situation

诊断Diagnosis

治疗:Treatment

预后:Prognosis

预防:Prevention

胎儿期:Fetal Stage

胚卵期Ovigerm Stage

胚胎期Embryo Stage

新生儿期:Neonatal Period

脐带Omphalus

足月儿Term Infant

早产儿Premature

过期产儿Post term Infant

围产期Perinatal stage

婴儿期:Infancy

幼儿期:Toddler Period

学龄期:School age

青春期:Adolescence

遗传inheritance

性别sex

内分泌endocrine

孕母情况mother's condition

营养nutrition

生活环境living environment

急性感染acute infection

慢性疾病chronic disease

消化道疾病disease of digestive tract

内分泌疾病endocrine disease

先天性疾病congenital disease

体格生长:Physique growth

摄入不足insufficiency of intake

胎粪排出excretion of meconium

水分丢失loss of moist

生长高峰summit of growth

卧位clinostatasm

站立位erect position

头顶vertex

耻骨联合上缘superior margin of pubic symphysis

足底sole

脐nave

头围:Head Circumference

胸围:Chest Circumference

颅骨:Cranium

颅缝cranial sutures

前囟anterior fontanel

后囟posterior

脊柱:Rachis

长骨:Long Bone

干骺端Metaphysis

软骨骨化Cartilaginous ossification

骨膜下成骨Subperiosteum ossification

乳牙deciduous teeth

恒牙permanent teeth

(乳牙)萌出eruption

神经系统nervous system

脊髓spinal cord

运动发育:Motor development

发音器官organs of voicing

听觉sense of hearing

大脑语言中枢cerebral language center

语言交流communication

护理:Nursing

计划免疫:Planned Immunity

心理卫生:Mental Health

生活习惯living habit

社会适应能力social adaptation

亲情 parent-child relationship

健康查体:Physical Examination

随访follow-up

户外活动open field activity

身体抚触 stroking massage

窒息apnea

中毒intoxication

外伤trauma

预防接种:Vaccination

主动免疫Active immunity

被动免疫passive immunity

预防接种vaccination

小儿传染病infectious disease

卡介苗 Bacillus Calmette-Guerin vaccine, BCG vaccine

脊髓灰质炎疫苗 Polimyelitis Vaccine

麻疹疫苗 Measles Vaccine

百白破三联疫苗 Pertussis-Diphtheria-Tetanus triple vaccine

乙肝疫苗Hepatitis B vaccine

初种primary vaccination

复种revaccination

不良反应reaction

热量的需要:Caloric Requirement

基础代谢:Basal Metabolism

排泄 Excretion

蛋白质:Protein

碳水化合物:Carbohydrate

脂肪:Fat

维生素:Vitamins

水溶性维生素:Water-soluble Vitamin

脂溶性维生素:Fat-soluble Vitamin

矿物质:Mineral

膳食纤维:Dietary Fiber

母乳喂养:Breast Feeding

母乳的成分:Component of Mother's Milk

免疫物质:immune material

免疫球蛋白:Immune Gloulin

补体:Complement

乳铁蛋白:Lactoferrin

溶菌酶:Lysozyme

双歧因子:Bifidus Factor

细胞成分:Components of Cells

慢性消耗性疾病:Chronic consumptions

精神障碍:Mental disorders

急性传染病:Acute infectious diseases

断奶:Weaning

人工喂养:Bottle-Feeding

稀释:Dilution

加糖:Add Sugar

煮沸:Boiling

定时定量:Time and rationed Feeding

个体差异:Individual Difference

混合喂养Mixed Feeding

大小便:Defecation

代授法:Breast-bottle-feeding

补授法:Supplemental Feeding

辅食添加:The Introduction of solid food

营养不良Malnutrition

代谢异常Developmental and Metabolic Disorder

临床分型:Clinical typing

消瘦型Marasmus Malnutrition

浮肿型Edema Malnutrition

消瘦-浮肿型Marasmus—Edema Malnutrition

病因:Etiological Factor

摄入不足:Deficiency of Intake

辅食添加不及时:Introduction of Solid Food

饮食结构不合理:Incorrect Components of Diet

不良饮食习惯:Bad Eating Habit

消化吸收障碍:Disorder of Digestion and Absorption

消化道先天畸形:Congenital Anomaly of Digestive Tract

先天性代谢障碍:Congenital Dysbolism

消化功能紊乱:Disorder of Digestive Function

需求增多:Requirement Increases

生长发育迅速的时期:The period when children grow rapidly

疾病恢复期:Recovery Phase of diseases

双胎或多胎:Twins or Multiplets

早产:Premature

消耗性疾病Consumptions

病理生理:Pathophysiology

代谢异常:Dysbolism

体温调节:Thermoregulation

机体各系统功能低下:Incapacity of Body Systems

消化系统:Digestive System

循环系统:Circulatory System

泌尿系统:Urinary System

神经系统:Nervous System

免疫系统:Immune System

临床表现:Clinical Situation

皮下脂肪Subcutaneous Fat

腹Abdomen

躯干Trunk

臀Breech

四肢Extremities

面颊Cheeks

皮肤Skin

干燥Dehydration

苍白Pale;

肌肉Muscles

松弛Laxity

萎缩Atrophy;

精神状态Mental Status

萎靡Dispirited

反应差Low Response;

全身症状General Symptoms

并发症:Complication

营养性贫血:Nutritional Anemia

各种维生素缺乏症:Various Kinds of Avitaminosis

感染:Infections

低血糖:Hypoglycemia

诊断标准:Standard of Dignosis

分型:Types

分度:Degrees

实验室检查:Laboratory Examination

鉴别诊断:Differential Diagnosis

治疗原则:Therapeutic Principle

综合治疗Comprehensive Treatment

治疗方法:Therapeutic Method

     积极治疗原发病:Cure the Primary Disease

饮食治疗:Diet Therapy

药物治疗:Drug Treatment

支持治疗:Supporting Therapy

危重症处理:Treatment in Crises

度营养不良伴腹泻时的治疗Severe Malnutrition companied by Diarrhea

营养不良性水肿的治疗Nutritional Edema

蛋白质缺乏综合症(恶心营养不良综合症)Kwashiorkor

添加辅食:Instruction of solid food

睡眠充足:Sufficient Sleeping

防治先天性疾病和小儿急性传染病:Prevention and Treatment of Congenital Diseases and Acute Infectious Diseases

孕期保健与产前诊断:Health Care in Pregnancy and Prenatal Diagnosis

新生儿筛查:Neonatal Screening

治疗先天性疾病:Cure Congenital Diseases

按时预防接种:Vaccination on time

定期体格检查:Regular Physical Examination

营养障碍性疾病Dystrophy

病因及病理生理:Etiological Factor and Pathophysiology

单纯性肥胖:Simple Obesity

摄入过多:Excessive Intake

活动过少:Lack of Movement

家族遗传:Inheritance

神经、精神因素:Nervous and Mental Factors

继发性肥胖:Secondary Obesity

膝外翻Genu Valgum

扁平足Fallen arch

性发育较早:Early Sexual Development

实验室检查:Laboratory Examinations

胆固醇Cholesterol

甘油三酯Triglyceride

β脂蛋白Beta Lipoprotein

胰岛素Insulin

生长激素Growth Hormone

诊断标准:Standard of Diagnosis

轻度Mild

制度Moderate

重度Severe

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